Gene editing can complement traditional food-animal improvements

Gene editing — one of the newest and most promising tools of biotechnology — enables animal breeders to make beneficial genetic changes, without bringing along unwanted genetic changes. And, following in the footsteps of traditional breeding, gene editing has tremendous potential to boost the sustainability of livestock production, while also enhancing food-animal health and welfare, argues UC Davis animal scientist Alison Van Eenennaam. She will examine the potential benefits of genome editing Friday, Feb. 17, at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, to be…

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How can fashion represent America in 2017?

NEW YORK — The last show here for the fall 2017 season was mounted Thursday afternoon by Marc Jacobs and was inspired by hip-hop. Jacobs saw the documentary “Hip-hop Evolution” several months ago, and it made him nostalgic for his high school years in New York — when rap was emerging as popular music, a new fashion aesthetic was being created, and the definition of Americana was shifting. His stripped-down production began at the stroke of the hour, when a single model began her walk across the cracked wooden floor of the…

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How Systems Engineering Can Help Fix Health Care

When an aircraft manufacturer decides to create a new model, it doesn’t ask pilots and crew to identify the best cabin, wings, jet engines, and other parts, and then put all the pieces together. A plane developed that way wouldn’t fly. The company begins with a goal, such as safely carrying 250 passengers nonstop from New York to London in under six hours, and follows a disciplined approach to identify the components and subsystems that meet those requirements. By contrast, the way we build hospitals and clinics typically happens in…

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Tacos: The 2017 food trend we can all get behind

I can’t tell you how little I wanted to like Breddos. The new taqueria in Clerkenwell has the restaurant version of a punchable face. It is tiny, one step up from the shack in a car park that was its original incarnation. Most of the seats – sorry, stools, no chairs with backs in these parts – are around a large communal table or crammed against the edges of the room. The single loo opens more or less directly onto the eating area. When you arrive you are told there’s…

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Lifestyle changes can help lower IOP in glaucoma patients

KOLOA, Hawaii — Changes in behavior such as increasing exercise and consuming more dietary nitrates can help lower IOP in glaucoma patients, according to a speaker here. “What I tell my patients about lifestyle modifications is to get moving, especially if [they] aren’t already … to eat a variety of fruits and vegetables, especially green, leafy ones, drink your daily cup of coffee but don’t binge, and then I do talk to my patients about what other risk factors for cardiovascular disease they have,” Yvonne Ou, MD, said at Hawaiian…

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Education Is Not a Marketplace You Can Game With Vouchers

School choice is a terrific slogan and an even better policy—when it works. All parents should have the option of sending their child to a place that is a good fit for that kid. One initiative in the choice movement—charter schools—has made an enormous difference in the lives of millions of children. Currently, more than 2.5 million K-12 kids are enrolled in charters: public schools operating outside the confines of union rules. That’s 5.1% of all public school children, up from just 1.6% ten years ago. Another 500,000 are on…

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Game-based learning benefits: The new education process that can change everything

What if our entire education system was based on games? Wouldn’t that be fun? Game-based learning and training is used already in aviation, healthcare and medical industry. Is it long that game-based learning is used regularly in India schools? When do we learn? If the learning process used is dull, students will not be able to gain any information and skills which can help them in the real world scenario. Learning doesn’t mean rote memorisation, but the process through which you understand how to apply the skills and knowledge you…

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Can sub-Saharan Africa produce enough food to meet growing demand?

Each year, the planet has to feed more hungry, hungry humans. Right now, projections suggest that we might just be able to meet the challenge of feeding our growing population in 2050, but only if we make better use of the land that we use for agriculture. For sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), though, the question gets a little more complicated. Even if there’s enough food globally to go around by 2050, will SSA be able to produce enough to be self-sufficient? A paper in this week’s PNAS suggests that the region…

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Hillary Clinton warns fake news can have ‘real world consequences’

Hillary Clinton issued a call to action against the “epidemic” of fake news in a rare public appearance since her unexpected loss to Donald Trump. The Democratic presidential nominee warned that the proliferation of false news stories online can have “real world consequences”, alluding to an incident over the weekend in which a man opened fire at Comet Ping Pong after reading a false news story that purported the DC pizzeria was harboring children as part of a sex ring led by Clinton. No one was injured. “This is not…

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How A Simple T-Shirt Can Stop Fashion Waste

The rise of brief trends over classic style and shoddy workmanship at cheap prices in the fashion industry is damaging both our planet and its people. I’m a 25 year old designer and I wanted to share with you the story of how a t-shirt could be what’s needed to engage the mass market with sustainable fashion. Thanks to fast fashion our industry is currently the world’s most polluting after oil. 25% of the world’s chemicals are used for textile production and 10% of the world’s carbon emissions result from…

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